Docket

35842

Gilles Caron, et al. v. Her Majesty the Queen, et al.

(Alberta) (Civil) (By Leave)

Judgments on applications for leave to appeal are rendered by the Court, but are not necessarily unanimous.

Proceedings
Date Proceeding Filed By
(if applicable)
2015-11-25 Appeal closed
2015-11-23 Formal judgment sent to the registrar of the court of appeal and all parties
2015-11-23 Judgment on appeal and notice of deposit of judgment sent to all parties
2015-11-20 Judgment on the appeal rendered, CJ Abe Ro Cro Mo Ka Wa Ga Côt, The appeals from the judgment of the Court of Appeal of Alberta (Edmonton), Numbers 1003-0016-A and 1003-0017-A, 2014 ABCA 71, dated February 21, 2014, heard on February 13, 2015, are dismissed with costs awarded to Mr. Caron and Mr. Boutet, on a party and party basis, in this Court, in the Court of Appeal and in the summary conviction appeal court. The interim costs previously awarded to Mr. Caron and affirmed by this Court in 2011 are unchanged. Abella, Wagner and Côté JJ. are dissenting. The constitutional questions are answered as follows:

1. Is the Languages Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. L-6, ultra vires or inoperative insofar as it abrogates a constitutional duty owed by Alberta to enact, print and publish its laws and regulations in English and in French in accordance, inter alia, with the Rupert’s Land and North-Western Territory Order of June 23, 1870, R.S.C. 1985, App. II, No. 9?

Answer: No. Abella, Wagner and Côté JJ. would answer yes.

2. If the answer to question 1 is affirmative, are the Traffic Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. T-6, and any other laws and regulations that have not been enacted, printed and published by Alberta in English and French inoperative?

Answer: It is not necessary to answer this question. Abella, Wagner and Côté JJ. would answer yes.
Dismissed, costs on a party and party basis
2015-04-09 Media lock-up request accepted
2015-04-08 Media lock-up consent form received from, (Letter Form) Pierre Boutet
2015-04-07 Media lock-up consent form received from, (Letter Form) Gilles Caron
2015-03-31 Media lock-up consent form received from, (Letter Form) Her Majesty the Queen
2015-03-23 Media lock-up letter, consent form and undertaking sample sent to all parties
2015-03-13 Media lock-up requested or proposed
2015-03-02 Transcript received, 146 pages
2015-02-17 Correspondence received from, Sébastien Grammond dated 2015-02-17. Re: Correction to a statement during the oral argument - Consent rec'd by e-mail on 2015-02-18 (Sent to the Court on 2015-02-25) Pierre Boutet
2015-02-13 Judgment reserved OR rendered with reasons to follow
2015-02-13 Intervener's condensed book, Submitted in Court (14 copies) Attorney General of Canada
2015-02-13 Respondent's condensed book, Submitted in Court (14 copies) Her Majesty the Queen
2015-02-13 Appellant's condensed book, Submitted in Court (14 copies) Pierre Boutet
2015-02-13 Appellant's condensed book, Submitted in Court (14 copies) Gilles Caron
2015-02-13 Hearing of the appeal, 2015-02-13, CJ Abe Ro Cro Mo Ka Wa Ga Côt
Judgment reserved
2015-02-12 Appeal hearing scheduled, 2015-02-13, Early start 9 a.m.
Judgment reserved
2015-02-10 Notice of appearance, Kevin Shaar and Christine Ruest Norrena will be present at the hearing. Commissaire aux langues officielles du Canada
2015-02-10 Notice of appearance, Mark Power, François Larocque and Justin Dubois will be present at the hearing. Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta
2015-02-10 Notice of appearance, Sébastien Grammond, Allan Damer, Mark Power, François Larocque and Justin Dubois will be present at the hearing. Pierre Boutet
2015-02-10 Notice of appearance, Roger Lepage and Francis Poulin will be present at the hearing. Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise
2015-02-10 Notice of appearance, Roger Lepage, Francis Poulin and Romain Baudemont will be present at the hearing. Gilles Caron
2015-02-09 Notice of appearance, Kevin Feehan and Anna Loparco will be present at the hearing. Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2015-02-06 Notice of appearance, Alain Préfontaine and Catherine Lawrence will be present at the hearing. Attorney General of Canada
2015-02-06 Notice of appearance, Nicolas Rouleau will be present at the hearing. Fédération des associations de juristes d'expression française de common law inc.
2015-02-05 Correspondence received from, Justin Dubois dated 2015-02-04. Re: Corrections to the factum and record Gilles Caron
2015-02-05 Supplemental document, Supplementary record, Completed on: 2015-02-05 Gilles Caron
2015-02-05 Correspondence received from, 4 reserved seats requested Her Majesty the Queen
2015-02-05 Notice of appearance, Peter Taschuk, Teresa Haykowsky, David Risling and Randy Steele will be present at the hearing. Her Majesty the Queen
2015-02-05 Appeal perfected for hearing
2015-02-05 Order by, Ga, FURTHER TO THE ORDER dated December 26, 2014, granting leave to intervene to the Association canadienne-française de l’Alberta, the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages of Canada, the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise, the Fédération des associations de juristes d’expression française de common law inc., as well as the Alberta Catholic School Trustees’ Association, the Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre (jointly);
IT IS HEREBY FURTHER ORDERED THAT:
1. The Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages of Canada, the Fédération des associations de juristes d’expression française de common law inc., as well as the Alberta Catholic School Trustees’ Association, the Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre (jointly) are each granted permission to present oral argument not exceeding ten (10) minutes at the hearing of the appeal.
2. The factums of the Association canadienne-française de l’Alberta and the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise will be considered without the need for oral argument.
Allowed in part
2015-02-02 Notice of appearance, Graeme Mitchell will be present at the hearing. Attorney General for Saskatchewan
2015-01-30 Intervener's book of authorities, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum, Completed on: 2015-01-30, (Electronic version due on 2015-02-06) Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta
2015-01-30 Intervener's book of authorities, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Fédération des associations de juristes d'expression française de common law inc.
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum, Completed on: 2015-01-30, (Electronic version due on 2015-02-06) Fédération des associations de juristes d'expression française de common law inc.
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum, Completed on: 2015-01-30, (Electronic version due on 2015-02-06) Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum - AG on constitutional question, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Attorney General for Saskatchewan
2015-01-30 Intervener's book of authorities, (2 volumes), Completed on: 2015-01-30 Attorney General of Canada
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum - AG on constitutional question, English translation rec'd on 2015-01-30, Completed on: 2015-01-30, (Electronic version due on 2015-02-06) Attorney General of Canada
2015-01-30 Intervener's book of authorities, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Attorney General for Saskatchewan
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum, (Book Form), Completed on: 2015-01-30 Commissaire aux langues officielles du Canada
2015-01-30 Notice of withdrawal Métis National Council
2015-01-30 Intervener's book of authorities, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2015-01-30 Intervener's factum, Completed on: 2015-01-30 Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2015-01-27 Correspondence received from, Both appellants dated 2015-01-27. Re: Additional time for oral arguments Gilles Caron
2015-01-22 Certificate of counsel (attesting to record) Her Majesty the Queen
2015-01-22 Respondent's book of authorities, (3 volumes), Completed on: 2015-01-22 Her Majesty the Queen
2015-01-22 Respondent's record, Completed on: 2015-01-22 Her Majesty the Queen
2015-01-22 Respondent's factum, Factum in response to Pierre Boutet, Completed on: 2015-01-22 Her Majesty the Queen
2015-01-22 Respondent's factum, Factum in response to Gilles Caron, Completed on: 2015-01-22 Her Majesty the Queen
2015-01-13 Notice of name Métis National Council
2014-12-29 Order on motion for leave to intervene, SIGNED DECEMBER 26, 2014. (by GASCON J.)
2014-12-29 Decision on the motion for leave to intervene, SIGNED DECEMBER 26, 2014., Ga, UPON APPLICATIONS by the Alberta Catholic School Trustees’ Association, the Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre, the Association canadienne-française de l’Alberta, the Conseil des Innus de Pessamit and Chef de Pessamit René Simon, the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages of Canada, the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise, the Métis National Council, the Fédération des associations de juristes d’expression française de common law inc., Chef Réal Mckenzie, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Innus de Matimekush-Lac John et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande, Chef Bruno Kistabish, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Algonguins d’Abitibiwinni et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande, and Chef Christian Awashish, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Atikamekw d’Opitciwan et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande, for leave to intervene in the appeal;
AND THE MATERIAL FILED having been read;
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:
The motion for leave to intervene of the Alberta Catholic School Trustees’ Association, the Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre is granted and the said group of interveners shall be entitled to serve and file a single factum not to exceed ten (10) pages in length on or before January 30, 2015.
The motions for leave to intervene of the Association canadienne-française de l’Alberta, the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages of Canada, the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise, the Métis National Council and the Fédération des associations de juristes d’expression française de common law inc. are granted and the said interveners shall be entitled to each serve and file a factum not to exceed ten (10) pages in length on or before January 30, 2015.
The motion for leave to intervene of the Conseil des Innus de Pessamit and of Chef de Pessamit René Simon and the motion for leave to intervene of Chef Réal Mckenzie, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Innus de Matimekush-Lac John et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande, Chef Bruno Kistabish, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Algonguins d’Abitibiwinni et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande and Chef Christian Awashish, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Atikamekw d’Opitciwan et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande, are dismissed.
The requests to present oral argument are deferred to a date following receipt and consideration of the written arguments of the parties and the interveners.
The interveners are not entitled to raise new issues or to adduce further evidence or otherwise to supplement the record of the parties.
Pursuant to Rule 59(1)(a) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, the interveners shall pay to the appellants and respondent any additional disbursements occasioned to the appellants and respondents by their interventions.
Allowed in part
2014-12-29 Submission of motion for leave to intervene, SIGNED DECEMBER 26, 2014., Ga
2014-12-19 Reply to the motion for leave to intervene, Completed on: 2014-12-19, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-19) Le Chef Réal Mckenzie, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Innus de Matimekush-Lac John et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande
2014-12-19 Reply to the motion for leave to intervene, Completed on: 2014-12-19, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-19) Métis National Council
2014-12-19 Reply to the motion for leave to intervene, Completed on: 2014-12-19, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-22) Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to ACF, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to AFCA, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to Commissioner of Official Languages, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to FAJEF, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to Pessamit, Chiefs and MNC, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-17 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Response to ACSTA, Completed on: 2014-12-17, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-17) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-12-16 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Completed on: 2014-12-16, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-16) Gilles Caron
2014-12-15 Response to the motion for leave to intervene, (Letter Form), Completed on: 2014-12-15, (Printed version filed on 2014-12-15) Pierre Boutet
2014-12-12 Notice of name, (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-10) Conseil des Innus de Pessamit et le Chef de Pessamit René Simon
2014-12-10 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-10, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-10) Fédération des associations de juristes d'expression française de common law inc.
2014-12-10 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-10, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-10) Le Chef Réal Mckenzie, en son propre nom, au nom de tous les autres membres du conseil de bande des Innus de Matimekush-Lac John et au nom de tous les autres membres de ladite bande
2014-12-10 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-10, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-10) Commissaire aux langues officielles du Canada
2014-12-10 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Affidavit of service rec'd 2014-12-12, Completed on: 2014-12-10, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-08) Conseil des Innus de Pessamit et le Chef de Pessamit René Simon
2014-12-10 Notice of hearing sent to parties
2014-12-09 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-09, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Métis National Council
2014-12-09 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-09, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise
2014-12-09 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-09, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Association canadienne-française de l'Alberta
2014-12-09 Certificate (on limitations to public access), (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2014-12-09 Notice of name, (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2014-12-09 Motion for leave to intervene, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-12-09, (Electronic version filed on 2014-12-09) Alberta Catholic School Trustees' Association, Conseil scolaire Centre-Nord No. 2 and Denis Lefebvre
2014-11-20 Certificate of counsel (attesting to record), (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-20) Pierre Boutet
2014-11-20 Certificate of counsel (attesting to record), (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-20) Gilles Caron
2014-11-20 Appellant's book of authorities, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-11-20, (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-19) Gilles Caron
2014-11-19 Appellant's record, (Book Form), Vol. 1 tp 6 - joint, Completed on: 2014-11-19, (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-20) Gilles Caron
2014-11-19 Appellant's book of authorities, (Book Form), Vol. 1 to 3 - Joint, Completed on: 2014-11-19, (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-19) Gilles Caron
2014-11-19 Appellant's factum, (Book Form), Courtesy Translation filed, Completed on: 2014-11-19, (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-19) Pierre Boutet
2014-11-19 Appellant's factum, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-11-20, (Electronic version filed on 2014-11-19) Gilles Caron
2014-10-30 Notice of intervention respecting a constitutional question Attorney General of Canada
2014-10-14 Notice of intervention respecting a constitutional question, (Letter Form), (Electronic version filed on 2014-10-17) Attorney General for Saskatchewan
2014-10-06 Correspondence received from, Roger J.F. Lepage by email, re: style of cause Gilles Caron
2014-10-02 Notice of constitutional question(s) Gilles Caron
2014-09-25 Letter advising the parties of tentative hearing date and filing deadlines (Leave granted)
2014-09-24 Order on motion to state a constitutional question, (by CHIEF JUSTICE MCLACHLIN)
2014-09-24 Decision on the motion to state a constitutional question, CJ, UPON APPLICATIONS by the appellants for an order stating constitutional questions in the above appeal;
AND THE MATERIAL FILED having been read;
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT THE CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS BE STATED AS FOLLOWS:
1. Is the Languages Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. L-6, ultra vires or inoperative insofar as it abrogates a constitutional duty owed by Alberta to enact, print and publish its laws and regulations in English and in French in accordance, inter alia, with the Rupert’s Land and North-Western Territory Order of June 23, 1870, R.S.C. 1985, App. II, No. 9?
2. If the answer to question 1 is affirmative, are the Traffic Safety Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. T-6, and any other laws and regulations that have not been enacted, printed and published by Alberta in English and French inoperative?
Any attorney general who intervenes pursuant to par. 61(4) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada shall pay the appellant and respondent the costs of any additional disbursements they incur as a result of the intervention.
IT IS HEREBY FURTHER ORDERED THAT:
1. The appellant’s record, factum and book of authorities shall be served and filed on or before November 19, 2014.
2. Any person wishing to intervene in this appeal under Rule 55 of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada shall serve and file a motion for leave to intervene on or before December 10, 2014.
3. The appellant and respondent shall serve and file their responses, if any, to the motions for leave to intervene on or before December 17, 2014.
4. Replies to any responses to the motions for leave to intervene shall be served and filed on or before December 19, 2014.
5. The respondent’s record, factum and book of authorities shall be served and filed on or before January 22, 2015.
6. Any attorney general wishing to intervene pursuant to par. 61(4) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada shall serve and file their factum and book of authorities on or before January 30, 2015.
Granted
2014-09-24 Submission of motion to state a constitutional question, CJ
2014-09-12 Reply to the motion to state a constitutional question, Completed on: 2014-09-12, (Electronic version filed on 2014-09-12) Gilles Caron
2014-09-12 Reply to the motion to state a constitutional question, Completed on: 2014-09-12, (Electronic version filed on 2014-09-12) Pierre Boutet
2014-09-05 Response to the motion to state a constitutional question, (Letter Form), Completed on: 2014-09-08, (Printed version filed on 2014-09-08) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-09-02 Notice of appeal, Completed on: 2014-09-02, (Electronic version filed on 2014-09-03) Gilles Caron
2014-09-02 Notice of appeal, Completed on: 2014-09-02, (Electronic version filed on 2014-09-03) Pierre Boutet
2014-08-28 Motion to state a constitutional question, (Letter Form), Proof of service missing. Received 2014-09-16., Completed on: 2014-09-16, (Electronic version filed on 2014-08-28) Pierre Boutet
2014-08-26 Motion to state a constitutional question, (Letter Form), Completed on: 2014-08-26, (Electronic version filed on 2014-08-26) Gilles Caron
2014-08-01 Copy of formal judgment sent to Registrar of the Court of Appeal and all parties
2014-08-01 Judgment on leave sent to the parties
2014-07-31 Judgment of the Court on the application for leave to appeal, The applications for leave to appeal from the judgment of the Court of Appeal of Alberta (Edmonton), Numbers 1003-0016-A and 1003-0017-A, 2014 ABCA 71, dated February 21, 2014, are granted with costs in the cause.
Granted, with costs in the cause
2014-06-16 All materials on application for leave submitted to the Judges, LeB Ka Ga
2014-06-09 Applicant's reply to respondent's argument, (Book Form), Completed on: 2014-06-09, (Electronic version filed on 2014-06-09) Gilles Caron
2014-06-06 Applicant's reply to respondent's argument, (Book Form), electronic version missing., Completed on: 2014-06-06, (Electronic version due on 2014-06-13) Pierre Boutet
2014-05-29 Certificate (on limitations to public access), (Letter Form), Proof of service missing. Received., (Electronic version filed on 2014-05-29) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-05-29 Respondent's response on the application for leave to appeal, (Book Form), Proof of service missing. Received., Completed on: 2014-05-30, (Electronic version filed on 2014-05-29) Her Majesty the Queen
2014-04-29 Letter acknowledging receipt of a complete application for leave to appeal, file opened 2014-04-29.
2014-04-25 Certificate (on limitations to public access), (Letter Form), (Printed version filed on 2014-04-25) Pierre Boutet
2014-04-24 Correspondence received from, (Letter Form), Lynne Watt, agent for Counsel for the Respondent, Attorney General of Alberta re: she have been appointed. Her Majesty the Queen
2014-04-22 Certificate (on limitations to public access), (Included in the application for leave to appeal), (Electronic version filed on 2014-04-25) Gilles Caron
2014-04-22 Application for leave to appeal, (Book Form), Second application. Two volumes. Proof of service missing. Received., Completed on: 2014-04-29, (Electronic version filed on 2014-04-25) Gilles Caron
2014-04-17 Book of authorities, (Book Form), Proof of service missing. Received., (Electronic version filed on 2014-04-17) Pierre Boutet
2014-04-17 Application for leave to appeal, (Book Form), First application. Proof of service missing. Received. New cover., Completed on: 2014-04-24, (Electronic version filed on 2014-04-17) Pierre Boutet